April: The Parlement of Paris demands that King Louis convene the Estates-General to deal with the grave financial situation
May 8: The King promulgates the Lamoignon Edict, abolishing the Parlement's power to review royal edicts
July: The crown backs down in its dispute with the Parlement, announcing the convening of the Estates-General in the following year.
October: The mysterious "Committee of Thirty" is formed by the "Nationals" group
Return to Top
March: Elections for the delegates to the Estates-General are held.
May 5: Estates-General convenes at Versailles
June 10: In defiance of royal wishes and led by Abbe Siéyes, the Parisian delegates of the Third Estate meet separately
June 12: The Parisian delegates invite the remaining delegates to join them in independent convocation
June 17: The Third Estate proclaims itself the National Assembly
June 20: Tennis Court Oath. National Assembly assumes sovereignity
June 23: King sides against the reformers and declares null and void the decrees of the new Assembly, to no avail
June 27: Under pressure from the mob, the King orders the remaining abstaining delegates to join the Assembly
July: Several food riots in Paris
July 12: King unwisely dismisses the popular reformist finance minister Necker; spontaneous demonstrations in protest.
July 13: National Gaurd founded; firm commander Lafayette
July 14: Fall of the Bastille
July 17: King accedes to the desires of the constitutionalists.
August 8: Abolition of feudal rights by the Constituent Assembly
August 27: Adoption of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
October 4: Dinner of the Flanders Regiment at Versailles; Sir Percy Blakeney meets Marguerite St. Just at a banquet
October 5: March of the women to Versailles; royal family forced to return to Paris the next day
October 16: The National Assembly moves to Paris
October 19: First Parisian session of the Assembly, in the Archeveche
November 2: Church lands are seized
November 7: Decree passed barring Deputies from the active ministry
December 19: Clerical lands and property worth 400 million livres sold at auction; money used to back the new "assignat" paper currency
Return to Top
January: Peasant uprisings in Brittany and several other provinces
February 13: Religious orders abolished, remaining monasteries and convents closed
May: Bourbonnais revolts
July 12: Passage of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy
July 14: Fall of Bastille celebrated at the Fête de la Federation; the King and Lafayette preside
July 19: Assembly votes to revoke all titles of nobility
August: City of Nancy revolts; rebellion ruthlessly suppressed
November 27: The Assembly demands that the clergy sign the Civil Constitution; the Church splits over the issue
Return to Top
February 19: Import duties into the city of Paris abolished
April: Uprising in Provence
June: Blakeney begins recruitment for the League
June 20: Royal family attempts to defect; caught at Verennes near the Austrian border and forced to return. King's prestige destroyed
July 14: Second annual Fête de la Federation
July 17: Massacre of the Champ de Mars
August: Formation of the League of the Scarlet Pimpernel; all members swear secrecy and obedience to Sir Percy Blakeney. Training begins.
August 27: Austria and Prussia threaten war in a joint declaration
September: Sir Percy Blakeney begins courting Marguerite St. Just
September 12: King approves Constitution, giving him veto power over Assembly acts
October 1: The new Legislative Assembly is seated, and begins deliberations concerning the war threat
November: Sir Percy and Marguerite marry. She retires from the stage and returns to England with him. They rapidly become estranged. League activities begin at this time
Return to Top
March 1: Death of Leopold II of Austria
March 10: Brissotin/Girondin "war party" comes into power
April 20: The Assembly and Girondin government declares war on Austria
May 30: King's bodyguard is dismissed
June 13: King dismisses the Girondins
June 20: Mob attacks the Tuileries; royal family moved to the Temple for "their own protection"
July: First known public mention of "Le Mouron Rouge" coming to the aid of defecting aristocrats. War goes poorly; France invaded by Austrians
July 14: Third annual Fête de la Federation
July 30: The Commune creates the Committee of Surveillance to uncover counterrevolutionaries, headed by Marat and including Danton, Tallien, Collot D'Herbois, and Billaud-Varennes. First contingents of the Marseillais arrive in Paris
August 1: Brunswick's Manifesto, threatening the destruction of Paris
August 10: Marat's insurrectionists seize the Commune and the Assembly; the Assembly votes to abolish the monarchy
August 13: Royal family imprisoned in the Temple
August 19: Lafayette defects to the Austrians
September 2-6: The September Massacres. Girondins accuse - accurately - the Jacobins of complicity. Reign of Terror begins
September 20: The National Assembly is dissolved. Dumouriez's army wins victory against the invading Prussians at the battle of Valmy
September 21: The National Convention is established
September 22: Official establishment of the Republic; Louis XVI is now "Citizen Capet." Proclamation of "Year 1 of the Republic"
October: The Scarlet Pimpernel first duels with Chauvelin. The Blakeneys are reconciled.
November: The Montagnards, Jacobins, and sans-culottes league against the Girondins.
November 6: Dumouriez succeeds in defeating the Austrian armies at the battle of Jemappes, completing the French conquest of Belgium.
November 19: The Assembly votes a decree offering French assistance to "all peoples who want to recover their liberty."
December 3: Convention votes to place the King on trial
December 11: The King goes on trial in the Convention for treason against the Republic
Return to Top
January 14-21: The King is found guilty of treason, sentenced to death by a narrow margin, and guillotined.
February 1: Declaration of war on England and the Netherlands
February 25: Food riots in Paris
February 26: Dumouriez and the French Army of the North invades the Netherlands
March 7: Declaration of war on Spain
March 9: Establishment of the Revolutionary Tribunal
March 10: The Vendéan uprising begins
March 21: French armies in the north defeated by the First Coalition, headed by England and the Netherlands
April 5: Dumouriez defects to the Austrians, seriously discrediting the Girondin faction
April 6: Establishment of the Committee of Public Safety , with Danton as its president; Danton becomes the de facto master of France
April 24: The Girondins manuever the arraignment of Marat before a Revolutionary tribunal for treason; Marat is handily acquited
May: Lyons revolts
May 4: First Law of the Maximum instituted
June 2: Fall of the Girondins; 29 arrested on the floor of the Convention
June 24: New Constitution enacted
July 10: Peace negotiations abandoned; a new committee of Public Safety elected
July 13: Marat killed by Charlotte Corday
July 27: Robespierre and Carnot appointed to the Committee
July 28: Remaining Girondin leaders at large outlawed
August 10: Fête in honor of the Constitution
August 23: National conscription law begins the levee en masse
September 4-5: The Fructidor riots; Paul Déroulede defects
September 8: French forces defeated at the battle of Hondschoote
September 17: Law of the Suspect enacted
September 29: Law of the Maximum - price control edicts - revised
October 5: New calendar established
October 9: Lyons recaptured by the Republic
October 10: Chief executive power is officially vested in the Committee of Public Safety
October 12: Danton, in disgust at continuing excesses, leaves the Convention for his home in Arcis
October 14: Marie Antoinette is brought to trial and condemned
October 16: Marie Antoinette guillotined; the Austrians decisively defeated at the battle of Wattignies
October 17: Cult of Reason established
October 28-31: Trial and execution of Vergniaud and the remaining Girondin leadership. Philippe Égalite soon follows
November: The Terror gains momentum; various Citizen-Deputies are dispatched as "representatives on mission" to the provinces to lead executions. Some begin the dechristianization movement
November 10: Désirée Candéille presides as the Goddess of Reason at the first Festival of Reason, at Notre Dame
November 21: At the urging of the Cordeliers and the remaining moderates, Danton returns to Paris and reenters the political arena
December: Bonaparte retakes Toulon from Admiral Hood, Lord Nelson, and the English. The first aerial telegraph line is in operation, to the northern frontier and Kellerman's army; the first battlefield uses of hot-air balloons also occur
December 4: Billaud-Varennes drafts a law giving the Committee of Public Safety direct power over all provincial officials.
December 13-14: Vendéan rebellion crushed at Le Mans
Return to Top
January: League of the Scarlet Pimpernel rescues the Dauphin. He goes into unrecorded exile in Brussels
January 16: Decree of 27th Nivose
March: Hébert and his enragés accuse the Convention and the Jacobins of moderation; he calls for a general uprising on the 4th. The sans-culottes, for a change, do not respond
March 14-24: Fall and execution of Hébert
March 30: Mass arrests of Dantonists
April 3-5: Fall and execution of Danton and Désmoulins; Robespierre reigns unopposed.
April 16: Police Bureau instituted
May: Chauvelin falls from favor and is arrested. Assasination attempts on Collot D'Herbois and Robespierre fail, provoking new slaughters
May 7: Declaration of the Supreme Being celebrated
June 8: Festival of the Supreme Being celebrated
June 10: Passage of the Law of 22 Prairial - the Great Terror begins. More are executed in Paris in the next six weeks than in the previous two years
July: Robespierre taken ill, ceasing to appear at Convention or Committee functions; he restricts appearances to the Jacobin Club
July 26: Robespierre returns to the floor of the Convention, promising a new, vast purge of "traitors"
July 27-28: Thermidorean Reaction; Robespierre, Louis Antoine St. Just, Couthon, Hanriot executed. Terror ends, after 17,000 executions.
August: League of the Scarlet Pimpernel lies dormant.
November 12: Jacobin Club suppressed
December 8: Remaining Jacobins released from prison; Chauvelin pardoned.
Return to Top
February: In reaction to the White Terror, the League resumes activities.
April-May: Many remaining Jacobites are purged; Collot D'Herbois, Billaud-Varennes, and Fouquier-Tinville deported or executed. Continuing food riots in Paris
April 5: Peace treaty signed with Prussia
May 16: Peace treaty signed with the Netherlands
May 20: The National Guard finally suppresses the sans-culottes
May 31: Revolutionary Tribunal suppressed
June 8: Dauhpin's death announced
July 22: Peace treaty signed with Spain
August 5: Emmanuel Siéyes - a miraculously surviving deputy of the Estates-General and the original Declaration - takes control of the Convention
August 22: New constitution, written by Siéyes, adopted
October 5: Royalist revolt put down by Bonaparte. Last known activites of the League.
October 31: Directorate begins.
Return to Top